Manhattan Project Essays (Examples)

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Project Management Considerations in the

Words: 1571 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25420677

If so, the project manager has the necessary tools to assess the project's progress and communicate its status and needs to others.

Conclusion:

Useful tools are defined for project management. Prior to initiation, there are tools for ensuring that all parties agree on the goal, the approach, the costs, the personnel, the timetable, and the "deliverables." Yet, only when these are defined and agreed upon can the project planning begin. Furthermore, only when the plans are defined and agreed upon can the project actually commence! It quickly becomes apparent why we speak in terms of project phases. The project management profession has developed tools, techniques, education, certification, publications, and organizations to enhance the collective skill set of its practitioners. The reason is quite clear - there is a tremendous amount of money at risk and too few projects are complete successes. However, the profession continues to self-improve. Gifted individuals bring…… [Read More]

References

Knack, R.E. (2004, October). Getting your act together: How project management can help you bring in every project on time and under budget. Planning, 70, 1.

Massue, M. (2004, February). A project planning tool. T&D, 58, 1.

Mission and vision. (2007). Project Management Institute. Retrieved February 14, 2008 at http://www.pmi-adsig.org/MissionandVision.html.

Stuckenbruck, L.C. (1981). The implementation of project management: The professional's
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Project Management the Project Selected for This

Words: 4805 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22642934

Project Management

The project selected for this study is the opening of a new restaurant in New York City. This restaurant will be named: "Home Grown." It will be fashioned after the restaurant-creation in the television program "Fifteen" in the U.K. Food Network, a cable television channel has decided to open the restaurant by hiring fifteen trainees. The trainees will be taught all the requisite skills to chefs. Along with that they will also be able to assess the related needs of the restaurant industry. Jamie Oliver, the mastermind behind "Fifteen" in the U.K. has been selected to head this project along with his sous-chef who would be monitor the daily operations in NY City. The restaurant is to open on Christmas Eve, 2004 and it is hoped that it will be a success. Food Network has a budget of ten million dollars earmarked for this project. Any profits from…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ayers, James B. (2001). Handbook of supply chain management. Boca Raton, Fla.

Alexandria, Va.: St. Lucie Press;

APICS.

Baar, James E, & Jacobson, Stephen M. (2004). Forecasting-What a Responsibility. Cost Engineering., 46, 1, 19
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Manhattan Community Board 4 MCB4

Words: 1252 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11725927

As designs continue to roll out, it will be crucial to keep the public engaged, so that the new business developments will only enhance the community, and not isolate members from their beloved neighborhoods. Kathleen Treed, of the Hell's Kitchen Neighborhood Association, believes that this is a "fabulous example of working towards community benefit." This truly is an example of a community working together to beautify a shared space, while still working to increase its overall functionality and safety to improve the lives of the residents and visitors within its proximity. It is more important now than ever to show your support or opposition to the projects as they continue to develop from designs on paper into reality.

Part II

As the cityscape of Manhattan continues to change, it is crucial that we do not loose focus on the human aspect of life here in the city. So many are…… [Read More]

References

NYC.gov. (2013). July Letters Part I. Community Board 4: Manhattan, New York City. Web. http://www.nyc.gov/html/mancb4/downloads/pdf/july_2013/
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Manhattan Community Board 4 Chelsea

Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40160936

Tenants in the 11th Avenue area, where a great deal of the construction and development continues to upset daily lives of those who live there, have reported that they have been continually harassed by those involved in the construction. When they refuse to move out of their homes and refuse to accept the miniscule offers of remuneration either because they see the amount as highly insufficient or because they have not the inclination to move out of their homes, which is completely their right, they are pressed by landlords to get out or face even more dire consequences. Landlords and building owners who want to get rid of their tenants who pay for modest rooms want them out so they can refurbish, rebuild, and charge other tenants far larger sums, sometimes for the same amount of room in their apartments. Some want to convert modest apartments into luxury hotels or…… [Read More]

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Maid in Manhattan as a

Words: 1387 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46961720

African-Americans and Puerto icans, for instance, have a long history of racial tensions. The other maids celebrate Marissa's promotion by doing an improbable dance of joy to show her success is a success for all of them -- in real life, they might be happy for her, but maid work is hard work that doesn't leave a lot of energy for dancing on the job. It is only one step above cleaning people's houses for a living and only better because there is a place to go up and a chance for advancement at a hotel while there is no place to go when working in a private home. But it still involves cleaning the toilets and scrubbing the floors.

Marissa is very intelligent, as pointed out to her by the butler who quit when she got fired. He gives her a little speech in which he says, "To serve…… [Read More]

References

Alleyne, S. (2005). Zoning in on cultural differences. Black Enterprise, 35 (9), 55.

Koehler, R. (2002). Maid in Manhattan. Variety, 389 (4), 40-41.

Noh, D. (2003). Maid in Manhattan. Film Journal International, 106 (1), 43-44.

Puerto Rican Americans web site: (www.everyculture.com/multi/Pa-Sp/Puerto-Rican-Americans.html).
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Regional Analysis Chinatown Manhattan Is

Words: 882 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71788281

ccording to the National Geographic Society, formal regions are those that are generally recognized as such as a result of being shared by people with common cultural characteristics or goals. Chinatown can therefore be characterized as formal, as it is generally occupied by Chinese immigrants, as the case has also been in historical terms.

functional region is referred to as a central area serving the neighborhoods around it. It is generally connected to the areas it serves by means of transportation routes. Chinatown is connected with its surrounding regions, but does not serve them for purposes other than tourism or entertainment. In broad terms, it is unlikely that the region can then be characterized as formal.

Finally, a vernacular, or what the National Geographic Society refers to as "perceptual" regions, are those without particular physical boundaries, but that are based upon human attitudes or feelings. Examples are Dixie, southern California,…… [Read More]

Asian-American Federation of New York (AAFNY). Neighborhood Profile: Manhattan's Chinatown. 2004.  http://www.aafny.org/cic/briefs/Chinatownbrief.pdf 

National Geographic Society. Geography Standards. 2008. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/standards/05/index.html

Tung, Larry. Chinatown Looks for a Way to Survive and Thrive. Gotham Gazette, April 2009. http://www.gothamgazette.com/article/immigrants/20090420/11/2888
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Nuclear Weapons and Physicist's Moral

Words: 3229 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76531330

This debate is stated to have been lost by ethe and he finally agreed to work as a consultant since he had failed to dissuade the building of a thermonuclear bomb and provided contributions to the effort focused toward design of the bomb. In contrast the physicist Teller had "been obsessed with the need to develop the hydrogen bomb ever since Enrico Fermi, suggested the possibility to him in 1941." (Arms Control Association, 2005) it is reported that Teller was "lionized by the right as the "father of the H-bomb and became the leading proponent of the need to stay ahead of the Soviets in the arms race and for the deployment of ballistic missile defenses." (Arms Control Association, 2005) Prior to these events ethe and Teller, were very close friends and remained on the opposite sides of the debates for arms control through their entire lives. In 1945, an…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Byers, Nina (2002) Physicists and the 1945 Decision to Drop the Bomb. Physics Journal archives 13 Oct 2002. Online available at http://arxiv.org/html/physics/0210058

Bethe, Hans a. (1950) "The Hydrogen Bomb: II," Scientific American, April 1950.

Hans Bethe (1906-2005) Arms Control Today - Arms Control Association. 2005 April. Online available at; http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2005_04/Bethe.asp

Hans Bethe et al. (1984) "Space-Based Ballistic-Missile Defense," Scientific American, October 1984.
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Science and Morality After the

Words: 1361 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57790064



That is not to say that theory and application cannot be separated into ethical categories. They can be, but those categorizations are always going to be somewhat skewed by the researcher, because no human being is capable of perfect neutrality. To assume that one can research for the sake of purse science really does involve imaging that scientists are not human beings with their own personal motivations. Moreover, this is not an issue that developed in the post-atomic world. Even before the use of the atomic bomb, scientists were motivated by personal motivations that kept them from being completely neutral. Therefore, it might be better to consider the ethics of scientific discovery from a viewpoint that includes the inherent morality of a discovery. For example, chemotherapy could be used as a weapon with very disastrous results, because its side-effects are devastating and can even be fatal. However, chemotherapies are developed…… [Read More]

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Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

musical style epitomized the 1920s? Jazz

What did John Steinbeck describe in he Grapes of Wrath? he dust bowl and its impact on agricultural families during the great depression.

National Industrial Recovery Act? An act created by President Roosevelt to stimulate the economy by allowing the government to regulate particular industries.

What did the Civilian Conservation Corps do? Created jobs on state and national lands to stimulate the economy.

What did Eleanor Roosevelt see as her primary role as First Lady? o be an advocate for civil rights

Which of the following was not true concerning the election of 1936? Incomplete Question

Which of the following pieces of legislation was an attempt at campaign reform in the late 1930s? Incomplete Question

he National Resources Planning Board facilitated? he National Resources Planning Board facilitated creating and implementing employment for young men during the great depression.

What feature of the Agricultural Adjustment…… [Read More]

The Manhattan Project was? The secret project for inventing the atom bomb

Who were the Scottsboro boys? Nine black teenagers accused of rape in a 1931 Alabama case. It revealed the deeply seated racism in Alabama due to its denial of a fair trail.

A. Philip Randolph's call for a massive march on Washington led to? Desegregation of the armed forces.
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History World War II

Words: 1685 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34052508

World War II, which took place from 1939-1945, was waged by the Allied Nations as a struggle for freedom against the evil and totalitarian regimes that existed in Germany, Italy and Japan.

Leaders of the War

There were several leaders that made decisions that contributed to the start and end of WWII. Adolf Hitler, who became the leader of Germany during the Great Depression, is blamed for WWII. He raised German spirits by telling them of a better future and a better Germany. ut in reality, he gave them a war. Hitler planned to expand Germany by taking Austria, Poland, and many other countries. He believed that German people were superior to the rest of the world and wanted everyone to prove this. (Keegan)

efore Hitler, the spirit and nationalism of the German people was very low, but he was able to get the German people to take pride in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Keegan, John. The Second World War. Penguin Books, 1989.

Allen, Thomas. World War II: The Encyclopedia of the War Years, 1941-1945. Random House, Inc., 1996.

A.J.P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War. Atheneum, 1983.

John Keegan. The Face of Battle. Penguin Books, 1987.
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Nuclear Weaponry Nuclear Weapons Have Had a

Words: 1947 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53947484

Nuclear eaponry

Nuclear weapons have had a profound impact upon the world at large, as well as upon the United States of America, since they were researched and created within the middle of the 20th Century. The political ramifications of the possession of, monitoring of, and even the occasional use of such weapons have drastically influenced the way nation states conduct themselves towards one another. There was a prolonged time period in which most of the world was actually anticipating, and dreading, the day a full scale nuclear war would take place due to the deployment of such weaponry. International conflicts such as orld ar II -- in which nuclear weapons were first used -- the Cuban Missile Crisis, as well as the prolonged Cold ar that largely pitted the Soviet Union against the United States helped to fuel this conception and to place nuclear weapons at the forefront of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bernstein, Barton. "The Uneasy Alliance: Roosevelt, Churchill, and the Atomic Bomb, 1940 -- 1945." The Western Political Quarterly 29 (2): 202 -- 230. 1976. Print.

Epperson, Ralf. The Unseen Hand. Tucson: Publius Press. 1985. Print.

Faria, Miguel. Cuba in Revolution: Escape from a Lost Paradise. Macon: Hacienda. 2002. Print.

Smyth, Henry. Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: the Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945.Princeton: Princeton University Press.
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Developing and Implementing a Kill Step Validation Program

Words: 10186 Length: 54 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49178036

Validation of Commercial Baking as an Effective Step to Control/Inactivate Salmonella in Baked Products

Major findings, analysis and conclusions

Description of the baking industry and baking emphasis in the United States.

Purpose and structure of importance

Description of the problem being addressed and its importance to the practice of applied food safety

Process of Consultation

Outline how the client (ABA) will be engaged and carefully define the problem

Identification of key stakeholders

Overview and feedback of findings and results

ecommended actions and dissemination of these recommendations

Plans for implementation and measurement

Major findings. The U.S. had approximately 167,600 baker positions available in 2012 and around 6% of these were self-employed (Bakery business, 2016). Although industry analysts project sustained growth in the U.S. baking industry, this growth will not be on par with other industries (Bakery business, 2016). Currently, the U.S. baking industry is a nearly $310 billion industry that has…… [Read More]

References

About us. (2016). American Bakers Association. Retrieved from http://www.american bakers.org/.

Albion, R. G. & Williamson, H. F. (1944). The growth of the American economy: An introduction to the economic history of the United States. New York: Prentice-Hall.

Bakery business. (2016). SBDC Net. Retrieved from http://www.sbdcnet.org/small-business-research-reports/bakery-business-2014.

Baking industry economic impact study, 2016). American Bakers Association. Retrieved from http://www.americanbakers.org/industry-data/.
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Truman Japan Potsdam and the Bomb

Words: 2238 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22416233

Marilyn Alsaadi

Dr. Megan Sethi

Mokusatsu: Translation lunders and the Atomic omb

The motive behind President Harry Truman's decision to drop two atomic bombs on Japan is one of those most debated topics of 20th century history. Much attention is often focused on two widely held perspectives: first, that the American government was reluctant to invade the Japanese mainland and, second, that the United States wished to preempt the nuclear arms race by establishing itself as the global leader of "atomic diplomacy." However, popular debates almost always fail to acknowledge that a relatively minor linguistic mishap was the real catalyst behind the series of events leading up to Hiroshima and Nagasaki.. Despite the larger ideological motivations most often cited by historians, the "mokusatsu" translation blunder is in fact the actual historical event that directly triggered the dropping of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

y the summer of 1945…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Primary Sources

Stimson, Henry. "The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb." Harper's Magazine: 97-107.

Shigenori, Togo. The Cause of Japan. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1956.

"Japan Officially Turns Down Allied Surrender Ultimatum." The New York Times 28 July 1945.
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Apollo Program

Words: 1749 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96191047

Apollo Program on Technology

Some people do not understand the space program. They consider it an indulgence with little to add to the practical world. What they fail to consider is that the space program has facilitated much of the science that is responsible for today's technological advances. In fact, putting aside anything that the space program has contributed to the knowledge of the universe as a greater system, it is still clear that the space program has made significant contributions to modern technology. In order to explore the relationship between the space program and technological innovation, this paper will examine the impact of the Apollo Program on modern technology. Discoveries made as part of the Apollo Program have led to advances and changes across a wide swath of modern technology; literally changing the face of modern America. Furthermore, these changes would not have been likely with the information garnered…… [Read More]

References

Bravo Technical Resources, Inc. (2010). Tales from IT history: The Apollo missions and tech innovation. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Bravo Tech website: http://www.bravotech.com/news-amp-events/industry-news/tales-from-it-history-how-the-apollo-missions-helped-change-the-world/

Gaudin, S. (2009, July 20). NASA's Apollo technology has changed history. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Computerworld website: http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9135690/NASA_s_Apollo_technology_has_changed_history

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (2007). Benefits from Apollo: Giant leaps in technology. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from NASA website:  http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/466723main_NasaFacts_508c.pdf .

Sadeh, E. (Unk.). Societal impacts of the Apollo program. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Astrosociology.com website:  http://www.astrosociology.com/Library/PDF/Impacts_Sadeh.pdf
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Privatizing China's Transportation Infrastructure the

Words: 4154 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26281561

Despite these constraints, China does in fact have an impressive transportation infrastructure already, and China's rankings relative to the rest of the world in various transportation infrastructure categories is provided in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Current Status of China's Transportation Infrastructure

Infrastructure Category

Statistics/Current Status

World Rank

Airports

15

Railways

77,834 km

3

Roadways

3,583,715 km (includes 53,913 km of expressways)

2

Waterways

110,000 km navigable

1

Merchant marine

1,826

3

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin (see map at Appendix a)

Source: China, 2010

The network of paved highways and roads that extends throughout China, though, is not the same type of national and unified transportation system that exists in the U.S., Japan and Europe that are characterized by uniform standards and regulatory guidelines and many of the roadways are in bad condition [10]. Notwithstanding the current state of the roadways throughout China,…… [Read More]

Bibliography." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 65(3):

751-753.

[10]

Tian, R.G. & Wang, C.H. (2010). Encyclopedia of the Nations. Retrieved from http://www. nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/China.html.

[11]
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Budget Cycle of the U S

Words: 1322 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70551006

S. Government to make future or immediate monetary outlays. In the second subcomponent, the reporting and outlay phase lasts for the duration until the funds are canceled or until the funds are totally disbursed. One should note that these cancellations are in no way connected with cancellations that are connected with budget reductions. These are a separate congressional activity (ibid).

Sometimes spending adjustments are needed during the fiscal year. They may require special reporting and approval procedures by both Congress and OMB. In some instances, an agency can request supplemental funding by submitting a request to the Congress. Mostly, the departments and agencies are required to manage their funds according to their available resources and have only a limited monitoring by the OMB and the Congress during this particular phase of the budget process (Government Printing Office, 29-30).

hat is the effect of this system in theory as well as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Government Printing Office, the budget cycle. Washington, DC: GPO. Retrieved

from http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/cdocuments/sd109-5/25-30.pdf.

Keith, Robert. U.S. Congress, Congressional Research Service. (2008). Introduction to the federal budget process (CRS Publication No. 98-721 ). Washington DC: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from http://budget.house.gov/crs-reports/98-721.pdf.

Keith, Robert. U.S. Congress, Congressional Research Service. (2008). Suspension of budget enforcement procedures (CRS Publication No. RL31068). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from http://www.policyarchive.org/handle/10207/.
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Organization Management for Any Business

Words: 1048 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24833294

It might be acknowledged that politics are good at times, but for the company, it is more important to create a sound system of management that would be more in touch with the needs and requirements of employees. The short-term goal would therefore be to determine these needs and goals by means of a number of interviews. Employees will be encouraged to voice their concerns and needs, as well as to provide input for the improvement of the company as a whole. In both the short- and long-term, the most important factor to install would be a sound basis of communication among employers, employees, and everybody in the company. Only by communicating effectively within its internal environment can the company begin to prioritize and reach its goals effectively.

Shuceta's motivation for taking the job might be explained by the incentive theory of motivation (Cherry, 2012), which holds that a person…… [Read More]

References

Schermerhorn, J.R. (2011). Management and organization behavior. (1 ed.). Danvers, MA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

McNabb, D.E. (2007). Knowledge management in the public sector. Armonk, New York: M.E.Sharpe.

Miner, J.B. (2005). Organizational behavior one, essential theories of motivation and leadership. New York: ME Sharpe Inc.

(January 9, 2012 Monday ). MARCHING WITH MOTIVATION. Heal India, Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/hottopics/lnacademic
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Societal Impact of Internet-Based Digital

Words: 1953 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98448452

As a result, contemporary computer systems and networks must be well protected against malicious intrusions and other attempts to gain unauthorized access to computers and network systems (Schneider, 1999).

Legal and Privacy Issues in the Workplace and Copyright Issues

The prevalence of digital technology for social networking has also generated entirely new areas of law and issues of public policy, such as in connection with the privacy of individuals in the workplace (Dershowitz, 2002). Nowadays, Internet use and e-mail communications are so prevalent and so much a part of both commercial enterprise functions and social networking that contemporary employers must routinely establish specific rules and policies for authorized non-work-related uses of their equipment and information systems. Likewise, the privacy rights of employees in connection with their Internet use at work are extremely limited and subject to monitoring to an extent that is prohibited by federal law with respect to other…… [Read More]

References

Dam, K., Lin, H. (1996) Cryptography's Role in Security in the Information Age.

Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Dershowitz, A. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:

Little Brown & Co.
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International Relations - Cold War

Words: 1402 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77851493



The same access to formerly secret information from the Cold War era also revealed the extent to which Soviet infiltration of the highest level of American military projects had served to further exhaust the American economy by necessitating continual development of strategic and tactical weapon systems to counter escalating technological improvements in Soviet military systems. The first successful test of a Soviet nuclear weapon in 1949 was directly attributable to Soviet infiltration of the top secret Manhattan Project; American pilots flew combat missions against Soviet Mig fighters developed with information stolen from American weapon designs through espionage; and that dynamic persisted virtually throughout the Cold War (Langewiesche 2007).

The financial strain of continuous nuclear deterrence and the perpetual modernization and updating of sophisticated strategic weapon systems was among the principle causes of the eventual collapse of the former Soviet Union. By 1989, the protracted war in Afghanistan had all but…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Allison, G. (2004) Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe.

New York: Henry Holt & Co.

Langewiesche, W. (2007) the Atomic Bazaar: The Rise of the Nuclear Poor. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Girouh.

McNamara, R. (1995) in Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam. New York: Random House.
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Battle of the Aleutians a Cold Wake Up Call

Words: 12983 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45023850

Termed "the forgotten battle," the Battle for the Aleutians represented the only instance during World War II when the Japanese occupied American soil and the campaign exacted a significant toll of American lives and treasure. The Aleutians became strategically significant during World War II for the Japanese as well as the United States, but the American preparations in anticipation of this attack were woefully inadequate. Despite a U.S. naval base was being established at Dutch Harbor in 1942, the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands. Although a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka retook these islands in 1943, several thousand of American lives were lost in the process and many more were injured. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive and critical analysis of the primary and secondary juried and scholarly literature concerning the Battle of the Aleutians to…… [Read More]

References

'Aleutian Islands,' 2012, The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.

'Battle of the Aleutian Islands,' (n..d). History. Retrieved online: http://www.history.com/topics / battle-of-the-aleutian-islands.

Breslin, CB 1994, June 18, 'World War II in the Aleutians: The Fundamentals of a Joint

Campaign,' Newport, RI: Naval War College.
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Technology - Technological Changes the

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78925899



The Significance of Computer Technology in American Society:

Until the beginning of the last century of the 20th century, professional businesses, high-levels of government, and research institutions accounted for the vast majority of computer use in the U.S. Within less than a decade, computer technology had become common in the American home and virtually every conceivable modern business relied on computer technology for basic business functions and communications (Evans 2004).

y the turn of the 21st century, the continued reduction in the size of computers and their simultaneous increase in processing power had fundamentally changed the way Americans communicate, as well as the way we receive news about the world. The Internet provided a means of instantaneous, real-time communication that completely changed the way that Americans socialize, as well as the way we shop, monitor our bank accounts, and perform academic research; and global positioning satellite (GPS) systems are on…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Evans, H. (2004) They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine - Two Centuries of Innovators. New York: Little Brown & Co.

Kaku, M. (1997) Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the 21st Century. New York: Doubleday

Nevins, J., Commager, H.S. (1992) a Pocket History of the United States.

New York: Pocket Books
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Technologies New Technologies Emerge Rapidly

Words: 1579 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50861787

Mobile phones are another major area of emerging technologies. Not just for phoning home anymore, mobile phones are becoming more and more robust, integrating full PDA functionality and even permitting streaming video content. Communications providers offer the biggest obstacles in seamless digital streaming, because of the confusing array of services and relatively poor download speeds. Finally, consumers are becoming increasingly sensitive to the possibility of identity theft. As technology becomes increasingly versatile, the potential for the usurpation of privacy rises too. The government has yet to step in decisively and will soon be forced to develop a new wave of consumer protection laws as well as creative laws protecting intellectual property.

orks Cited

Anderson, Mark. "MIT's Energy 'Manhattan Project'" ired News. Aug 11, 2006. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,71574-0.html?tw=wn_index_3

Doggs, Alpha. "Could Your Keyboard Spy on You?" Network orld. Aug 8, 2006. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at http://www.networkworld.com/community/?q=node/6550&ts

Gizmodo.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anderson, Mark. "MIT's Energy 'Manhattan Project'" Wired News. Aug 11, 2006. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,71574-0.html?tw=wn_index_3

Doggs, Alpha. "Could Your Keyboard Spy on You?" Network World. Aug 8, 2006. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at http://www.networkworld.com/community/?q=node/6550&ts

Gizmodo. Retrieved Aug 12, 2006 at  http://gizmodo.com/ 

Joe. "I Just Called To Say I'm Sorry (For Exposing Your Personal Search Data)." TechDirt. http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20060811/1244237.shtml
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Henry Thomas Buckle's Original 1858

Words: 12518 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99981281

As activists in women's liberation, discussing and analyzing the oppression and inequalities they experienced as women, they felt it imperative to find out about the lives of their foremothers -- and found very little scholarship in print" (Women's history, 2012, para. 3). This dearth of scholarly is due in large part to the events and themes that are the focus of the historical record. In this regard, "History was written mainly by men and about men's activities in the public sphere -- war, politics, diplomacy and administration. Women are usually excluded and, when mentioned, are usually portrayed in sex-stereotypical roles, such as wives, mothers, daughters and mistresses. History is value-laden in regard to what is considered historically 'worthy'" (Women's history, 2012, para. 3).

In what Kessler (1994, p. 139) describes as "the all-too-common historical exclusion or devaluation of women's contributions," the male-dominated record of human history has either diminished the…… [Read More]

References

American Health Information Management Association. (2012). Wikipedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Health_Information_Management_Association.

Apple, M.W. (2003). The state and the politics of knowledge. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.

Are book publishers to blame for gender discrimination? (2012, March 13). The Huffington Post.

Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/03/13/book-gender_n_1324560.html.
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Nuclear Weapons Knowing Why States Build Nuclear

Words: 2096 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57353318

Nuclear Weapons

Knowing why states build nuclear weapons is important for us in order to determine the future of international security and to direct foreign policy efforts in such a way so as to limit the spread of such dangerous armaments. Nuclear weapons are explosives which derive their ability to destroy from chemical reactions, either fission or fusion or a combination of both reactions. These reactions release an enormous quantity of energy, having the capability to destroy even vast cities even if the mass containing the explosive is very little. Such is the power of nuclear weapons.

Since the Soviet Union's dissolution, the key foreign policy interest of several powerful states has been to control the spread of nuclear arms. Those states which are armed with nuclear weapons or are associated with nuclear arm possessing countries continuously pressurize non-nuclear states to not develop their own weapons. The reason these states…… [Read More]

References:

Hansen, Chuck. Us Nuclear Weapons the Secret History. Crown.

Hoffman, David. The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy. Anchor, 2010.

Pavil, Podvig. Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces . 2004.

Polmar, Norman. U.S. Nuclear Arsenal: A History of Weapons and Delivery Systems Since 1945. Naval Institute Press, 2009.
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Loved to Discover How Gadgets in the

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14870517

loved to discover how gadgets in the world worked. My parents quickly realized how intuitively I took to the various challenges of my childhood, and gently guided me down the path of engineering. In high school I studied chemistry, and I was fascinated by the possibilities of chemical engineering. From fuel cell technology to metallurgy to oil refinement, I find that a significant portion of the future of humanity lies in this field. I have been interested in chemical engineering since I read about the Manhattan Project in the United States in the 1940s, which is a scientific project that changed the world dramatically. I entered college and went on to study chemical engineering, growing both my interest in the field as well as my knowledge and technical ability.

I studied both theory and practice, and received a well-rounded introduction to the field of engineering. I learn best when I…… [Read More]

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Production Gaumont-British Producer Michael Balcon Screenplay and

Words: 3346 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3443954

Production: Gaumont-British; Producer: Michael Balcon; Screenplay and Adaptation: Charles Bennett and Alma Reville from the novel by John Buchan; Principal Actors: Madeleine Carroll, Robert Donat, Lucie Mannheim and Godfrey Tearle

The 39 Steps was based on the John Buchan novel, written in 1915. Hitchcock freely adapted and changed the premise of the novel that very little of the original plot remained. Buchan, who was also the British Governor General in Canada at that time, was initially upset; but, after he saw the final product, he admitted that the film was much better than his novel.

This was the first time that Hitchcock used the now often-repeated theme of sympathy for the man unjustly framed and on the run, all the while attempting to clear his besmirched name and find the real culprit. Hitchcock also used the techniques of combining two scenes unrelated visually but by sound. The director relied more…… [Read More]

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Franklin D Roosevelt American Icon

Words: 547 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72511778

Era Franklin D. oosevelt, 1933-1945: A Brief History With Documents ichard Polenberg -- 4 Polenberg quotes, brackets quote i.e [polenberg, page number] 2.Franklin Delano oosevelt Alan Brinkley- 4 quotes brackets [Brinkley, page number] 3.

Franklin Delano oosevelt has had a strong impact on U.S. politics for several decades during the twentieth century. The fact that he had influential roles throughout some of the era's most significant events made it possible for him to develop attitudes that put him in an advantage. Even with this, his leadership abilities are also remarkable when considering his background without taking into account events like the Second World War or the Great Depression.

One oosevelt's most impressive early achievements involved the founding of the United States Navy eserve. As a person in charge of this institution, he got actively involved in a series of dealings involving influential individuals and communities in U.S. politics. In spite…… [Read More]

Roosevelt acknowledged the suffering the war could inflict on the American peoples and thus concentrated on strategies that could put the nation at an advantage. "Unknown to all but a few, the United States was by then far along in an effort Roosevelt had authorized early in the war: the Manhattan Project." (Brinkley 1946) The project involving the atomic bomb was practically a means to use a limited number of soldiers while dealing a blow that could destabilize the enemy.

The fact that Roosevelt was determined to keep the U.S. out of the war is visible when looking at his early reactions concerning the conflict. "When war finally broke in Europe in September 1939, Roosevelt continued to insist that the conflict would not involve the United States." (Brinkley 1928) Even with this, he did not hesitate to get the military to organize better with the purpose of being able to provide a swift response in case of a disaster.

All things considered, Roosevelt played an essential role in U.S. history and it is safe to say that his involvement both in the Great Depression and in the Second World War made it possible for Americans in particular and for the world in general to experience a more rapid recovery and to escape having to suffer for prolonged periods of time.
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Friend or Foe

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Intelligence

Israel collects intelligence on American foreign policy related to Israel and the Middle East, as well as on scientific and technological developments, including those from the private sector. The gathering of intelligence from a foreign ally is neither an unusual nor new practice. Moreover, the United States reciprocates the favor and likewise gathers intelligence on Israel. The Untied States certainly cannot expect Israel or any other nation to refrain from using surveillance, while at the same time gathering intelligence against those very same nations. For Israel, areas of general interest for Israeli intelligence collectors include military and economic policy and of course, intelligence services themselves such as the CIA (Caramela, 2014). Intelligence is used to bolster Israel's own national security, military, and technological capabilities. The methods Israel uses to gather intelligence are varied and range from computer hacking to communications surveillance. easons for gathering intelligence on an ally are…… [Read More]

References

Caramela, S. (2014). The impact of Israeli intelligence collection on the United States. Retrieved online: http://www.academia.edu/6604031/The_Impact_of_Israeli_Intelligence_Collection_on_the_United_States

Giraldi, P. (2008). The spy who loves us. The American Conservative. 2 June, 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-spy-who-loves-us/

Ketcham, C. (2009). Israeli spying in the United States. Counterpunch. Retrieved online: http://www.counterpunch.org/2009/03/12/israeli-spying-in-the-united-states/

Nakamura, D. & DeYoung, K. (2013). Obama defends U.S. intelligence-gathering tactics. The Washington Post. 1 July, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/kerry-in-brunei-faces-european-anger-of-snowdens-nsa-disclosures/2013/07/01/b223aeb8-e247-11e2-a11e-c2ea876a8f30_story.html
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Nuclear Ores and Its Life Cycle

Words: 3810 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88244684

Nuclear Fuel Cycle is a set of different processes that utilize nuclear materials and then returns them to their initial state, in a cyclical manner. It begins with the mining of naturally occurring nuclear materials from the environment, and ends with safe and proper disposal of nuclear waste products back to the environment. Production of energy from Uranium requires several unique processes. One of the terms used in this production of nuclear energy is front end, referring to the entire set of processes involved in making nuclear energy from the uranium ore in the nuclear fuel cycle. The processes involved are: [1] mining, [2] crushing, [3] processing, [4] enrichment, and [5] the fabrication of fuel. After being used to produce energy, the nuclear material is now known as spent fuel. The spent fuel has to be converted in a reprocessing or storage facility if the company wants to recycle it.…… [Read More]

References

Carlsen, B.W., Phathanapirom, U., Schneider, E., Collins, J.S., Eggert, R.G., Jordan, B., ... & Yacout, L. (2013). Environmental Impacts, Health and Safety Impacts, and Financial Costs of the Front End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (No. INL/EXT-14-32302). Idaho National Laboratory (INL).

CAS. College of Agricultural Sciences. (2009). Manufacturing Fuel Pellets from Biomass. Retrieved from: http://extension.psu.edu/publications/uc203

ELAW. Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide. (2015). Overview of Mining and its Impacts. Retrieved from: http://www.elaw.org/files/mining-eia-guidebook/Chapter1.pdf

IAEA (2006). International Atomic Energy Agency. Storage and Disposal of Spent Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste. Retrieved from: http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC50/GC50InfDocuments/English/gc50inf-3-att5_en.pdf
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City of Shanghai in 2065

Words: 1149 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4292270

Ah Cy, president and CEO of SAIC Motors, looked out the window of her executive office on the 210th floor of the newly constructed, multi-billion dollar Celestial Building overlooking the Huangpu iver in Shanghai and was pleased with what she saw. In just 20 years, Shanghai had cleaned up its environment, virtually eliminated poverty and had provided modern housing and comprehensive social services for its more than 50 million residents, meaning that it was still the largest city in the world just as it had been in 2015. Indeed, Ms. Cy had good reason to be pleased since these were not insignificant accomplishments and reflected the city's ability to overcome the challenges it faced a half century before. In fact, it had only been in 2040 that scientists had cautioned the Chinese leadership that if actions were not taken immediately, it might be too late to reverse the environmental impact…… [Read More]

References

Shanghai population 2015. (2015). World Population Review. Retrieved from http://world populationreview.com/world-cities/shanghai-population/.

Shanghai specific issues. (2015). The American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai. Retrieved from http://www.amcham-shanghai.org/AmChamPortal/MCMS/Presentation / Publication / WhitePaper/WhitePaperDetail.aspx?Guid=%7B7387B25B-C6EE-446F-A917-A0BEF6A8B0FC%7D.

Smart, V. (2009, February). Year of the accountant? Shanghai is booming, but as the broader Chinese economy stumbles a more open business culture could prove essential for future growth. Financial Management, 21-23.
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Global Warming Essay

Words: 4443 Length: Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

Table of Contents

1. Titles
2. Topics
3. Outline
4. Abstract
5. Introduction
6. Thesis Statement
7. Body of Essay
8. Conclusion
9. Works Cited


Titles

Feeling the Heat:  Global Warming and Climate Change

What Can be Done to Reverse Climate Change?

The Arguments For and Against the Anthropogenic Causes of Global Warming

Meltdown:  Why Global Warming is Going to Become Even Worse in the Future


Recommended Topics

International Strategies for Addressing Global Warming

Global Warming and Policy Development in the United States

The Effects of Global Warming on the Earth’s Oceans

Science or Myth?  The Truth about Global Warming


Outline

I.  Introduction

II.  Review and Analysis

A.  Arguments implicating anthropogenic sources as the cause of global warming

B.  Arguments against anthropogenic sources as the cause of global warming

C.  Discussion and Analysis

III.  Conclusion


Abstract

Although there is a growing consensus among the scientific community that global warming is…… [Read More]

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History of Love Canal the

Words: 2327 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71027084



Furthermore, both statutory and tort law at the time were ill-equipped with regard to provision of environmental safeguards and taking care of the fall-out of an environmental crisis . In fact, at the time that Hoover Chemical Corporation was dumping toxins into the canal, there was no law with regard to the disposal or dumping of chemicals; thus, Hoover was acting within its purview since at all times it either had the owner's permission to dump or it was the owner of the property itself. Consequently, in order to avoid this problem in the future, legislation was passed regulating the dumping of hazardous waste. Furthermore, environmental laws were passed such as CECLA (Comprehensive Environmental esponse, Compensation, and Liablity Act, aka Superfund) that held polluters accountable or the damages they caused. Additionally, in the realm of civil tort law, in 1994, a Federal District court ruled that Hooker had been negligent…… [Read More]

References

30th Anniversary of Love Canal. (2008, June). Retrieved from http://www.chej.org

Blum, Elizabeth D., Love Canal Revisited. Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2008, p.20-22.

Brown, PhD, P., & Clapp, PhD, R. (2002). Looking back on Love Canal. Public Health Reports, 17, 95-98. Retrieved from Association of Schools of Public Health.

De Angelo, L. (2008). Love Canal, New York. In the encyclopedia of Earth. Washington D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Coalition for Science and the Environment.
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RDD Radiological Dispersal Devices RDD

Words: 841 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40748306

Entitled, Al Qaeda Still Wants a Dirty Bomb, the article states that, "Denying terrorists access to radiological materials that can be used in a dirty bomb attack -- one that could bring our economy to a standstill and render areas uninhabitable for decades -- is a major security challenge" ( Al Qaeda Still Wants a Dirty Bomb).

In order to deal with this threat there have been a number of international treaties put in place. These fall under the general heading of the reduction of the proliferation of nuclear materials for weapons of mass destruction. These include the following:

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material. This was adopted in 1987 and was intended to set international standards for securing nuclear material in trade and commerce. It is important to note that in 2005 the "…Parties extended the scope of the Convention to include nuclear material in domestic…… [Read More]

References

Al Qaeda Still Wants a Dirty Bomb. (July 22, 2010) Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704201604575373270385490484.html

Nikitin M. ( 2010) Securing Nuclear Materials: The 2010 Summit

and Issues for Congress. Retrieved from  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/R41169.pdf 

Radiological Dispersal Devices (RDDs): Dirty Bomb, Other Dispersal Methods.
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Atomic Testing Though Modern People

Words: 11346 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33269463



The First Nuclear Test

Of course, the first nuclear test occurred before the 1950s and was part of the United States' effort to develop an atomic weapon during World War II. This test occurred at 5:30 A.M. On July 16, 1945, at a missile range outside of Alamogordo, New Mexico. Even that test was enough to convince a large group of scientists that the atomic weapon was a dangerous and powerful weapon. "The Franck Report," a petition issued by Leo Szilard and 68 other scientists urged President Truman to first demonstrate the capabilities of the atomic bomb before using it as a weapon against the Japanese, because of the mass destruction that came with the bomb.

This test, known as the Trinity Test, was a tremendous success. "The energy developed in the test was several times greater than that expected by scientific group. The cloud column mass and top reached…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, Cecil. 1984. "Did John Wayne die of cancer caused by a radioactive movie set?" The Straight Dope. http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a2_016.html (Accessed August 19, 2008).

American Cancer Society. 2006. "Radiation exposure and cancer." Cancer.org. http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_1_3X_Radiation_Exposure_and_Cancer.asp?sitearea=PED (Accessed August 19, 2008).

Ball, Howard. 1996. "Downwind from the bomb." The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DEED61438F93AA35751C0A960948260&sec=health&spon=&pagewanted=1 (Accessed August 19, 2008).

Brodersen, Tom. 2002. "Compensation available to fallout cancer victims." Sharlot Hall
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Decision to Use the Atomic

Words: 1585 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58194182

Because, clearly, we committed acts of terrorism in dropping the bombs on Japan. The intent was to create a massive destruction to horrific that the victims could not help but surrender without further fight - which is, of course, what happened. Our new brand of terrorism is, truly, the only effective manner that certain people have of waging a war. When you do not have the technology or the resources of the largest nations in the world, but you do know how to make and plant a bomb that is likely to kill civilians and military targets as well - do you simply roll over and surrender because you might kill innocent people? If that was the case, then the United States would have never been able to wage war with anyone using bombs and missiles and rockets - the war could have only been waged by spies and snipers.…… [Read More]

References

Alperovitz, Gar. The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb. New York: Vintage, 1996.
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Truman and the Use of

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89272459

S. during the summer of 1945 had indicated that the Japanese were ready to surrender; that the War could have been ended, if the U.S. had responded by offering the retention of the Japanese Imperial Monarchy instead of insisting on unconditional surrender. Further research on the decoded messages, however, indicate that the militarists still dominated the power hierarchy in Japan and they were willing to fight to the bitter end, despite their precarious military position. They were depending on the war-wariness of the Americans. Their theory being that the United States was unwilling to bear more casualties and any major setback to the American forces during a planned invasion of the Japanese mainland would improve Japan's bargaining position and obtain a peace agreement. In other words, the Japanese military leaders were only agreeable to a ceasefire and unwilling to consider surrender. They wanted to retain the militarist policies of the…… [Read More]

References

Frank, R.B. (2005). "Why Truman Dropped the Bomb." The Weekly Standard.

08/08/2005, Volume 010, Issue 44.

Truman, the Bomb, and What Was Necessary." (2005). Seattle Times News Services, August 06, 1995. Retrieved on October 4, 2007 at http://archives.seattletimes.nwsource.com/cgi-bin/texis.cgi/web/vortex/display?slug=2135131&date=19950806&query=President+Truman%2C+in+a+speech+on+August+6%2C+1945

Wainstock, D.D. (1996). "The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb." Praeger: Westport, CT.
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Demands Being Placed on the Global Transportation

Words: 1391 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13716982

demands being placed on the global transportation industry are creating unprecedented requirements for international commerce during a period when peak oil is being approached and the need for more environmentally responsible alternatives has become especially pronounced. The responses to the varied needs of the global transportation industry have included research and development of alternative energy sources as well as innovative supply chain management approaches that make global transportation more efficient and reduce energy requirements in the process. This paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to develop a current overview of the global transportation industry and the challenges it faces in the future. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the paper's conclusion.

Global Transportation Challenges

Introduction

Innovations in telecommunications have contributed to an increase in global transportation needs as international commerce and business-related travel have grown significantly in recent years. At…… [Read More]

References

Branch, M.C. (1999). Telepower, planning, and society: Crisis in communication. Westport,

CT: Praeger Publishers.

Chan, D. & McMillan, C. (2007, May/June). Global logistics: Are Canadian firms competitive?

Ivey Business Journal Online, 37.
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The Global Health Burden of HIV in South Africa

Words: 2209 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75983051

Combating the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in South Africa

Although Swaziland has the highest incidence rate for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at 27.7%, South Africa suffers from the largest number of people living with HIV in the world (6.8 million) (The global HIV / AIDS epidemic, 2016) out of a total population of around 53.5 million (South Africa population, 2016). In fact, during the time required to read this introduction, someone died of HIV in South Africa. Unfortunately, South Africa is certainly not unique in experiencing these high rates of infection and many sub-Saharan African nations are likewise seriously affected by the disease (The global HIV/AID epidemic, 2016). South Africa, though, is also suffering from a number of social problems that have exacerbated the HIV epidemic. In response to these alarming trends, the international community, including the United States, has allocated an enormous amount of resources to help stop the…… [Read More]

References

Birnbaum, J. K. & Murray, C. J. (2011, April). Exposing misclassified HIV / AIDS deaths in South Africa. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 89(4), 278-281.

du Toit, J. & Burger, A. (2010, Spring). Tackling HIV / AIDS in the workplace: Best practice being developed in South Africa carries an important message for companies everywhere. European Business Forum, 17, 70-73.

Global Fund overview. (2016). Global Fund. Retrieved from http://www.theglobalfund.org/en / overview/.

South African economy. (2016). CIA world factbook. Retrieved from http://www.cia.gov / library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html.
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The Evolution of Organized Crime

Words: 2207 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78718392

History Of Organized Crime

More than a century of motion pictures and more than a half-century of television productions have created a somewhat romanticized version of organized crime as typified in "The Godfather" series. Indeed, there is even a National Museum of Organized Crime and Law Enforcement, commonly known as "The Mob Museum" in Las Vegas which is a popular tourist destination (Green, 2013). The reality of organized crime, however, contrasts sharply with any romanticized depiction and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) emphasizes that organized crime is not only prevalent in the United States, it has become far more complex and broader in scope compared to the past. To determine the facts about the history of organized crime, this paper provides a background and overview followed by an analysis of some of the main sources of revenues for these criminal organizations. Finally, the paper concludes with an analysis of…… [Read More]

References

Calderon, F. (2015, Summer). Drug trafficking and organized crime: Connected but different. Harvard International Review, 36(4), 52-55.

Drug trafficking. (2016). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved from http:// www.unodc.org/unodc/en/drug-trafficking/.

Green, M. (2013, October 1). How the Mob (Museum) was won: Building a history of organized crime in the U.S. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal, 17(2), 101-104.

Kelly, R. J. & Chin, K. L. (1999). Handbook of organized crime in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
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Global Warming Implications Essay

Words: 1427 Length: Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40117407

Climate change can no longer be denied... And action can no longer be delayed. – U.S> President Barack Obama, 2015

As reflected in the epigraph above, there is a growing consensus among climatologists that anthropogenic activities have caused the entire world to become hotter and some experts even caution that the balance scale may have already been tipped and global warming will continue unabated for the foreseeable future. Some scientists, however, maintain that the current trends in global warming are a natural part of the cycles the earth goes through over the millennia and suggest that the warning calls concerning global warming are vastly overstated. To determine the facts concerning this vitally important issue that affects all humankind, this paper reviews the relevant literature about global warming and its implications for the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about global warming are presented in the conclusion.…… [Read More]

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Museum Project Compare Two Museums

Words: 1132 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39826959

museums in order to understand the components of what makes a museums successful and interesting. I've selected the American Museum of Natural History's Hall of Eastern Woodland Plains Indians branch to compare with the National Museum of American Indian. Both of these museums, located in New York City, will help provide a balanced and fair comparison of two similar but not identical museum institutions.

I will first describe in detail some of the finer points of the American Museum of Natural History and specifically within the Hall of Eastern Woodland Plains Indians in order to provide contrasting material to the second museum. The American Museum of Natural History in New York City is a scientific and cultural Museum that has been open for over 140 years. According to their website, their mission is to discover, interpret and disseminate information about human cultures in the world through a program of research…… [Read More]

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New York Real Estate and Office Markets

Words: 2269 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47899782

New York eal Estate and Office Markets

NEW YOK CITY OFFICE MAKET

New York is one of the premiere metropolitan areas of the world, exerting a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. With its unmatched scope of building types, diverse tenant base and extensive transportation system, the city has earned an iconic and prominent place in the global market.

The borough of Manhattan serves as its hub and is the nation's largest single office market with 450 million square feet of space (Brown, 2007). Its office inventory is greater than the next five largest U.S. markets combined and features some of the world's most iconic properties (Beauregard, 2005). This paper explores the current state of…… [Read More]

References

1. Beauregard, R.A. (2005). The textures of property markets: Downtown housing and office conversions in New York City. Urban Studies (Routledge), 42(13), 2431-2445. doi:10.1080/00420980500380345

2. Brown, J.L. (2007). Demolition in Manhattan Gains Momentum. Civil Engineering (08857024), 77(8), 34.

3. Gong, H., & Keenan, K. (2012). The Impact of 9/11 on the Geography of Financial Services in New York A Few Years Later. Professional Geographer, 64(3), 370-388. doi:10.1080/00330124.2011.603654

4. Gregor, A. (2011). Demand for Office Condos Grows in Manhattan. New York Times. p. 6.
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San Fran Court Observation Court

Words: 474 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98261551

5% of capacity. The court condemned California governor Brown for insisting that mental health services were not compromised in California prisons due to prison over-crowding.

Your Remarks: Largely a continuation of a prior event, but a worthwhile development nonetheless. Basically, it's a matter of some people in California government having a spat with the courts regarding whether inmates are being treated and otherwise processed effectively given the significant overcrowding in California prisons.

Court Visited: Northern California District Court

Day/Time: April 11th, 2013

Judge: Robert Seeborg

Plaintiff: Joe Quirk

Defendant: Sony Pictures

Issue: Copyright Infringement Accusation

Holding: Summary judgment was given to Sony Pictures and Mr. Quirk's accusations about copyright infringement was dismissed. The ruling was justified on the grounds that Quirk's claim was inherently flawed and that copyright pertains to "expression, not ideas."

Your Remarks: Pretty common nowadays for an obscure/starving artist to claim that a big-time motion picture was…… [Read More]

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Temporarily Use of Empty Spaces in NYC

Words: 4440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84861847

Space

New York City

Use of Temporary Space

(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)

Images & Charts

Illy Push Button House

Store Front Library

Brooklyn Bridge Park

Chashama

Images & Charts

According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…… [Read More]

References cont.

Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.nycsocialsociety.com/index2.html

Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Commercial-Real-Estate-Loans-ibd-3654392109.html?x=0&.v=1

Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from  http://www.zipcar.com .
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Diminishing Middle Class in NYC

Words: 4873 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95670158

Diminishing Middle Class in NYC

If we look at the Lower Manhattan, it won't take us long to notice the change that has taken place in it in the last 10 years. The population especially the residential population has doubled up in the last 10 years as there has been an addition of 30,000 residents who are now living in Manhattan.

The main reason behind this sudden and huge growth in the population is the trend of construction that has taken place in Manhattan. This trend has led to the production of new as well as the conversion of the old buildings into new luxury housing. For this reason the living costs of the area have increased a lot and the previously affordable residential areas in the city have become some of the most expensive ones to live at. Also, the areas that used to be affordable to live in…… [Read More]

References

Higgins, M. (2012). Manhattan Home Prices Reported Steady. The New York Times. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/03/nyregion/manhattan-real-estate-market-holding-steady-in-2012-report-says.html

Li, R. (2012). Europeans Flock To Buy New York Real Estate. International Business Time. Available at:  http://www.ibtimes.com/europeans-flock-buy-new-york-real-estate-701565 

Manhattan New Development Report. (MNDR). (2012). 3rd quarter. Available at:  http://www.mns.com/pdf/manhattan_new_development_report_3q12.pdf 

Manhattan Community Board. (MCB). (2011). Affordable Housing in Lower Manhattan: Report by the Manhattan Community Board 1 Affordable Housing Task Force. Available at:  http://www.nyc.gov/html/mancb1/downloads/pdf/About_District/AH_REPORT.pdf
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Rebuilding of Ground Zero

Words: 3594 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19752335

rebuilding the World Trade Center. Specifically it will discuss the rebuilding of Ground Zero after the World Trade Center (WTC) attacks of September 11, 2001, including who are the decision makers, what is the process, and who has involvement in the process. It will also look at the cost, who is paying, the timeline, current status, what the final project will look like, who will benefit, the effect on New York City, surrounding boroughs, and the state. Almost as soon as cleanup began at the World Trade Center after the terrorist attacks, there was speculation on what kind of building or memorial could possibly replace the Twin Towers. Today, designs for a new office complex and memorial have been chosen, and some expect construction on at least one of the buildings replacing the WTC could be complete by 2009. As with any large project, the plans have faced adversity, controversy,…… [Read More]

References

Bloomberg, Michael. "Mayor Bloomberg's Vision for Lower Manhattan." LowerManhattan.info. 12 Dec. 2002. 11 May 2005.

< http://www.lowermanhattan.info/news/read_mayor_bloomberg_s_80515.asp

Chandler, Dahna M. "World Trade Recovery: Black CPA Firm Snares Post-9/11 Contract to Help Rebuild New York's Ground Zero Area." Black Enterprise Mar. 2004: 28.

Chermak, Steven, Frankie Y. Bailey, and Michelle Brown, eds. Media Representations of September 11. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.
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Tourism After September 11

Words: 11294 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53060413

Terrorist Attacks on New York City

Consumer ehavior and Risk

Terrorism and Consumerism in the Melting Pot

How has September 11 Impacted Americans

Economic Impact of terrorism

Outlook for the New York Economy

Examination of the Effects on usiness

Regaining Consumer Confidence

Sampling Procedures

Survey Construction

Survey results

Recommendations for Further Studies

Survey of Consumer Patterns After The September 11 attacks on the World Trade Towers

Survey Results presented Graphically

Store Owner Interviews

The Impact of the Terrorist Attacks on New York City: One Year Later Chapter 1

The attacks on the World Trade Towers on September 11, 2001 threatened the American People's sense of security in a way that had not been felt since the attack on Pearl Harbor. To say that the attacks changed the lives of many people would be an understatement. The attacks literally brought the country to a halt for nearly three days. It can…… [Read More]

Bibliography

American Bankers Association. 2001. "Post Sept. 11 Survey Shows Nation's Bankers Are Optimistic." ABA Press Release, December 3, 2001.

Atkinson, J.W. 1957. Motivational determinants of risk-taking behavior. Psychological Review,

Barone, Ronald; M. Rigby, Peter;Schwartz, Bruce; Simonson; Arthur F; Chew; William H;

Eiseman, Barbara A, and Shipman, Todd A. 2002. Consequences of Sept. 11 Attacks Put
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East Coast Real Estate Families

Words: 2260 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45960295



What's the family current worth?

Today, the Trump family business stands at a net worth of $2.6 billion. (#74, Trump, Donald John)

How much total square footage does the Trump family own?

The total square footage has been estimated at a 14.5 million. (#74, Trump, Donald John)

The LeFrak Family:

What family member started the LeFrak family business and when?

LeFrak family has been forming its mark on Queens, as it has been building both residential as well as commercial complexes in the area from the year 1905. What is different about the LeFrak family is that the family had been Europe's builders for the previous 2 generations, before setting up their business in the United States of America in 1905; Maurice LeFrak had started as a developer in France in the 1840's, and later, Aaron who was Maurice's son, and his grandson named Harry, arrived at New York City.…… [Read More]

References

Bagli, Charles. V. Lewis Rudin, head of real estate family and a Frequent City Fiscal Savior

Dies at 74. The New York Times, September, 2001. p. 5.

Franklin Co. Historical Society. Franklin County, Illinois, 1818-1997. Turner Publishing

Company. 1996.
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Challenges of Opening NYC Restaurant

Words: 4930 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66820861

NYC African Restaurants

African Restaurants

African Restaurants in NYC

The restaurant's soft industrial lighting makes the chrome gleam. A soft and expansive backdrop of blue gives the space a cool and slightly futuristic industrial like a hip loft in the future. Exposed brick walls are tinged in a blue sheen and the distressed wood chairs and tables have been stained steel gray and have marble table tops. In three weeks, Cisse Elhadji, the owner of Ponty Bistro in Midtown, will open his new restaurant La Terengea. Located at 144 West 139th St., the restaurant us nestled in between the Hudson and Harlem rivers a few blocks west of the City College of New York. The location of the restaurant is quite lucrative given its relative proximity to both Central Park as well as Yankee Stadium.

Though Elhadji has succeeded once with an African restaurant, La Teregenga is still a gamble.…… [Read More]

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African Cuisine

Words: 3878 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55277217

African estaurant evival

New York is home to people from all over the world, and it is well-known that they often bring with them cuisine from their homelands. Foodies descend on food courts in subterranean malls in Queens, ussian bakeries in Brooklyn, and ethnic food trucks pretty much anywhere throughout the five boroughs. For being a cosmopolitan city with such cosmopolitan tastes, surprisingly little attention is paid to the diversity of African food. The continent of Africa is rich in food tradition and, increasingly, we are seeing these traditions manifest throughout New York. This trend is occurring in many places, in particular Manhattan and Brooklyn. In fact, several openings over the past few years have dramatically altered the African dining scene, and this development is very much worthy of coverage. This citywide exposure to the African food trend makes it an excellent topic heading into the summer eating season.

There…… [Read More]

References

Kugel, S. (2007, March 18). Sampling a Continent at Home. Retrieved from nytimes.com: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/18/travel/18weekend.1.html?_r=0

Laing, N. (2013, October). New York's First African Restaurant Week Offers New Flavors and a Dash of Culture. Retrieved from fo2w.org: http://fi2w.org/2013/10/14/new-yorks-first-african-restaurant-week-offers-new-flavors-and-a-dash-of-culture/

Pearlman, E. (2014). Ponty Bistro. Retrieved from blacboardeats.com: http://www.blackboardeats.com/sp/ponty-bistro-gramercy-new-york-3

Spiropoulos, R. (2014, June 28). Dining African: 3 Restaurant Biz Success Stories Savor N.Y. African Restaurant Week. Retrieved from blackenterprise.com:  http://www.blackenterprise.com/lifestyle/new-york-african-restaurant-week-wraps-in-style/
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New York

Words: 1683 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92389612

New York City: An Examination of Urban Design and Space Function as it Relates to Civic Participation

The objective of this study is to examine urban design and space function as it relates to civic participation in New York City. Kevin Lynch conducted systematic and scientific-based research on urban design in his exploration of the elements of urban design. Lynch stated that every individual "has had a long association with some parts of his city and his image is soaked in memories and meaning." (1960, p.2) The goal of Lynch is reported to be the study of the city's mental images held by its citizens. Lynch focused his work on the city's visual quality or the "apparent clarity and 'legibility of the city-scape." hat Lynch meant was the level of ease with which the city's parts could be organized into a pattern that was of a coherent nature. The city,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kent, Ethan (2013) Toward Place Governance: What If We Reinvented Civic Infrastructure Around Placemaking?

Lynch, Kevin (1960): the Image of the City. Massachusetts New York City (2013) Britannica Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/412352/New-York-City/215659/Manhattan

NYC Votes Transformed the Way New Yorkers Interact with Political Candidates (2013) Pivotal Labs. Retrieved from: http://pivotallabs.com/case-studies/nyc-votes/

Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved from:  http://www.pps.org/reference/toward-place-governance-civic-infrastructure-placemaking/
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New Entity the Mother Company

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71948372

To make an exact copy of the Manhattan headquarters, the executives will create the exact positions in China. They will discuss the requirements of the positions with the American employees and will search for those Chinese that best meet them. Also, the American homologue should participate to the hiring process. For instance, if the Chine company is looking to hire a Marketing Director, the Marketing Director within the Manhattan offices should participate to the selection, hiring and most importantly, the training process. In terms of training, the programs will have to be offered to all employees, not just the top-management ones. The primary goal of the training sessions will be to introduce the new associates to the operations, partners and goals followed by the mother company as to aid them best perform their tasks. Aside from this however, a vital issue is that integrating the Chinese employees into the corporate…… [Read More]

Bibliography

China Daily. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/,last accessed on June 10, 2008
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Jewish Home Lifecare Mission &

Words: 1163 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14921839

Towards of the goal of fulfilling the mission to "help those we care for to experience the best life possible," nursing services provided at the Sarah Neuman Center include:

Twenty-four nursing in a secure residential setting.

Twenty-four medical coverage supported by onsite and on-call physicians.

Onsite medical specialist consulting services.

Individualized therapy sessions, to include speech therapy, physical therapy, art and music therapy.

Nutritional services supported by staff dietitians.

Onsite pharmaceutical and laboratory services. (Sarah Neuman, para. 9)

Patients that require long-term residential care are often transferred to the Bronx nursing home which provides all of the above services, in addition to highly individualized care services and therapies for "more complex clinical needs" (Bronx, para. 4). These needs include-but are not limited to-progressive Alzheimer's, severe vision impairment, severe speech and swallowing impairments, and chronic kidney disease requiring hemodialysis.

Structural Support of Mission

That each facility essentially provides the same services…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Bronx." jewishhome.org. Jewish Home Lifecare, 2010. Web. 01 January, 2011.

"Manhattan." jewishhome.org. Jewish Home Lifecare, 2010. Web. 01 January, 2011.

"Sarah Neuman." jewishhome.org. Jewish Home Lifecare, 2010. Web. 01 January, 2011.

"Research Institute on Aging." jewishhome.org. Jewish Home Lifecare, 2010. Web. 01 January,
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Steel Frame Construction Bibliography and

Words: 4365 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3048734

According to Montgomery (2003), "Higher floors of buildings tended to rent at a substantial discount, due to the need to climb several flights of stairs to reach one's workplace or residence. Otis's invention of the safety elevator at mid-century heralded the end of this constraint on vertical real estate development" (495). Likewise, Masden notes that the increasingly confident use of the relatively new ' elevators' also fueled demand for more steel frame structures; such new steel-framed buildings were known during this early period as "elevator buildings" instead of skyscrapers, a term that was first coined in 1883 (Marsden 78).

The underlying theory behind steel frame construction during its early use, though, fueled some well-intentioned but misguided efforts that adversely influenced future applications, selection of building materials, site selection and other salient factors involved in construction. In this regard, Mumford (1959) reports that, "Unfortunately, the skyscraper was an almost automatic response…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Code of Standard Practice. 2006. American Iron and Steel Institute: Committee on Framing Standards. Steel Framing Alliance Practice Guide CF06-1.

Fanjoy, Rob. 2006. "As an alternative to lumber, cold-formed steel framing has advantages and disadvantages. Here's what you need to know." Steel Framing Solutions. 18 Nov. 2006 http://forpros.lowes.com/articles.cfm?aid=103.

Marsden, Donald. 2005, January 1. "How Chicago Got All High and Mighty." The Daily Mail 78.

Montgomery, M.R. 2003. "Keeping the Tenants Down: Height Restrictions and Manhattan's Tenement House System, 1885-1930." The Cato Journal 22(3):495.
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Hudson Park Hudson River Park

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65343574



Another highly pertinent grievance would be raised by the Executive Director, of the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation, who complained that the park committees did a poor job of reaching out to community, environmental and preservation groups as the issue came onto the table. As the interviewee noted, he and his colleagues had no sense that this controversial plan was in the works. Moreover, even with knowledge of the plan, the director would observe that information was still scarce. Accordingly, the interviewer inquired "How many air rights will be sold? What's the process for them to be used? How much will it cost? I don't know for sure, but there may be up to 1.6 million square feet to sell. Based on my understanding, there are piers designated as 'commercial' and 'recreational'?, so we want to see in writing so it's not subject to different interpretations."

In spite of…… [Read More]

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Effects of Mathematics Instruction in English on ELL Second Grade Students

Words: 3174 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74903495

Mathematics Instruction in English on ELL Second Grade Students

J. Elizabeth Estevez

Educ2205I-Content Research Seminar

Mathematics is a powerful tool for interpreting the world. Research has shown that for children to learn how to use mathematics to organize, understand, compare, and interpret their experiences, mathematics must be connected to their lives. Such connections help students to make sense of mathematics and view it as relevant. There has, however, been controversy with regard to children from non-English backgrounds and the best ways to get them to make those connections. Questions are raised regarding how to instruct these children who are referred to as English language learners (ELL's). Should they initially be taught in their native language with gradual exposure to English in language classes, or should they be immersed in English as early as possible. Based upon ideas presented in research studies and my own ideas as a former bilingual teacher,…… [Read More]